The 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice in which neither side could claim victory. The signed ceasefire established a “complete cessation of all hostilities in Korea by all armed men which should be imposed by the commanders of both sides. However, the ceasefire is merely a ceasefire between the armed forces and not an agreement between governments to normalize relations.  No formal peace treaty has been signed and normalized relations have not been restored. The ceasefire founded the Military Dearcation Line (MDL) and the DMZ. The DMZ was agreed as a 4.0 km wide buffer zone between the two Korean nations.  The DMZ follows the Kansas Line, where the two sides clashed at the time of the signing of the ceasefire. The DMZ is currently the most defended national border in the world from 2018. [Citation required] The ceasefire of 11 November 1918, which ended the First World War between Germany and the Allies, departed from the usual form (1) by pre-negotiating between the belligerents, resulting in a so-called “pre-armistic” agreement and (2) introducing political and financial clauses in addition to military conditions. Its military conditions made it virtually impossible for Germany to resume hostilities, thus preventing the usual option in the dignity of arms. In 1952, the United States elected a new president, Dwight D.
Eisenhower, and on November 29, 1952, the president-elect went to Korea to study what might end the Korean War.  With the adoption by the United Nations of the Korean War State proposed by India, the KPA, the VPA and UNC stopped the fire with the battle line on the Kansas line, for example. , a line of UN positions north of the 38th parallel, which had been established in Operation Rugged.  When the belligerents agreed to the ceasefire, they established the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which has since been patrolled by KPA, ROKA, the United States and the common UNC forces. Discussions continued slowly due to difficulties in demarcating the border between North and South Korea. China and North Korea expected the line to remain on the 38th parallel. Within weeks, however, the two nations accepted the Kansas Line.  In March 1953, the death of Joseph Stalin contributed to the negotiation.